Unsecured Personal Loans: All your questions answered
When it comes to choosing the best personal loan, there’s no one-size-fits-all. Your loan conditions should be tailored to suit your budget, income and personal goals.
For many people, an unsecured personal loan is the best option.
Why are they popular?
An unsecured personal loan doesn’t require an asset (like a car, or house) to protect the lender. This means you can quickly and easily secure the funds that you need without putting your assets on the line.
Instead of securing the loan with collateral, the lender looks at your credit history and your ability to make repayments. The loan is paid back over an agreed period of time, with a personal loan interest rate. It’s that simple!
Who provides unsecured personal loans?
Banks, credit unions and online loan companies offer unsecured loans. Each lender sets their own eligibility requirements and interest rates. Online lenders are often the fastest, most convenient option, as the entire process is handled online.
Do you need some help applying for your loan? Choose a personal loan provider with a solid against reputation for good customer service. Check customer service ratings and reviews to find one that’s right for you.
How much can you borrow?
While some Australian lenders of unsecured personal loans will provide as much as $70,000 to be paid back over seven years, most will allow you to borrow between $2000 and $50,000, paid back across six months to five years.
Interest may be fixed or variable and many lenders will allow you to make early repayments, which reduces the interest costs.
At Plenti, we believe in tailoring unsecured personal loans to suit your unique financial situation and lifestyle. This means rewarding your strong credit history with attractive rates that are personalised to you and offering the flexibility to pay it back faster. In fact, we’ll never charge you fees or penalties for paying your loan back early.
It’s your life – you’re in control.
You have a dream. Now what?
It’s time to transform your unique dreams, goals and priorities into reality. An unsecured personal loan buys you the freedom to use the funds for almost anything! We’re talking starting up a business, home renovations, debt consolidation, an overseas holiday, buying a car, or even planning a wedding.
Check out the results from our recent survey, revealing the top seven reasons for taking an unsecured loan:
Debt consolidation 25%
Home improvement 22%
Buying a car 18%
Renewable energy 13%
Your lender will want to know the purpose of the loan when you apply. They’ll take this into account when tailoring the loan size and conditions.
Is anything off limits?
Certain things could be considered unacceptable uses for a personal loan, regardless of whether it’s secured or unsecured. As a general rule, taking out a loan to pay tax bills or court fines are no-go. Likewise, borrowing to gamble or invest in the share market isn’t permitted. If you were to lose the money, you risk placing yourself in serious financial difficulty.
Think twice before taking out a loan on behalf of a friend or relative. If they fall on hard times and can’t make repayments, or your relationship breaks down, you will be responsible for paying back the loan.
How much interest will you pay?
You might be surprised to discover how even a small difference in personal loan interest rates can impact your loan over many months or years. For example, an interest rate of 6% on a $10,000 loan over 5 years will cost you XXXX , compared to XXXX for a 7% interest rate over the same period of time. You may be able to negotiate a lower personal loan rate if you have a high credit score.
Have a think about whether you prefer a variable interest rate, rather than a fixed rate. A variable rate could fluctuate throughout the life of the loan, which means your repayments may increase or decrease from time to time. On the other hand, a fixed interest rate provides a sense of certainty. You’ll know exactly how much will come out of your bank account each month and you’re protected from the possibility of future interest rate rises.
A loan with a variable interest rate usually has no early exit fee. This means you won’t be penalised if you pay back the loan early. Consider the full picture when deciding which option works best for you.
What about hidden costs?
Remember, a low interest rate is only one part of the story. Application costs, early repayment fees and account keeping fees are just some of the extra charges that could apply. Keep these in mind when choosing a provider.
Do you hope to pay your loan off sooner? Look for lenders who don’t charge early repayment fees so you’re not penalised for your efforts.
Getting the best deal on a personal loan can save you thousands in interest and fees. It’s well worth doing your homework!
Will you be approved?
Expect each lender to check your credit history, current debt and income so they feel confident you can repay the loan. This is particularly important for an unsecured loan as the lender can’t claim your assets if you fail to make repayments.
It’s a good idea to shop around and compare the offers you receive from different lenders to make sure you’re securing the best personal loan rate.
What if you’re self-employed?
If you’re self-employed, applying for a personal loan (secured or unsecured) can be challenging. Some lenders may be reluctant to offer you a loan because of concerns about your financial stability.
But hang in there. While people who are employed full-time find it easier to obtain personal loans, those who are self-employed can still qualify. You might just have to jump through a few more hoops.
Lenders will often ask for additional documentation from self-employed people, including:
The last two years of your personal and/or business tax returns
Financial statements showing the profit/losses accrued by your business
Recent bank statements
Documents showing outstanding loans or credit card debts
Proof of rental income from any rental properties may you have
An Australian driver’s license, passport or a proof of age card
A Notice of Assessment given to you by the ATO (Australian Taxation Office) for the past two years
Your business’ ABN, address and licenses
If you don’t qualify for a personal loan, there are other options. For example, a low doc loan is a personal loan that requires less documentation, but interest rates are usually higher than standard loans.
As a self-employed borrower, it’s wise to seek out a lender that offers flexible repayment periods with both fixed and variable interest rates to give you more options.
Know where you stand.
Knowledge is power! Find out your credit score before you apply for an unsecured loan. You can do this online for free through government financial guidance site Moneysmart, or financial comparison sites like Canstar.
Your credit score takes into account information like the number of credit applications you’ve made and the amount of money you’ve borrowed. It also notes your history of repaying debts on time.
A typical credit score will fall between zero and either 1000 or 1200, depending on the credit reporting agency. The higher the score, the better!
Checking your credit score is a worthwhile exercise. It can help you negotiate better deals or understand why a lender rejected you. If you spot any errors in your credit report, you can fix them for free by contacting the credit reporting agency.
Give it a polish!
There are ways to clean up your credit report and increase your credit score to improve your chances of being approved for a personal loan:
Pay your rent, mortgage and utility bills on time
Make credit card repayments on time and try to pay more than the minimum repayment
Lower your credit card limit
Limit how many applications you make for credit
All of these things will help your credit score to improve over time.
You can check your credit report for free by contacting one of these credit reporting agencies:
The vast majority of personal loans are unsecured. With a quicker approval process and greater freedom in how you spend the funds, it’s easy to see why this is an attractive, hassle-free option for lower loan amounts.
What’s the catch?
With your personal assets safely out of the firing line, the lender can’t claim your possessions or the contents of your bank account if you default on the loan. But remember, if you can’t make repayments, your credit rating will be affected. If your lender passes your account onto a collections agency or takes legal action against you, this information is also recorded on your credit report. A low credit score makes it harder for you to obtain loans or credit in the future.
Secured vs Unsecured
If you own an asset, like a car, home or term deposit, you may be able to obtain a lower interest rate with a secured personal loan. When applying for a secured loan, you agree that if you can’t make repayments, the lender gets to take your asset and on-sell it to pay for the loan.
Lenders offer a lower interest rate for secured loans because they view them as less risky. Providing an asset to guarantee your loan may also mean you can borrow a larger amount or pay it back over a longer period than you could with an unsecured loan.
Keep in mind, the approval process is often longer for a secured loan, with more documents required, and there are more restrictions around how you can use the funds.
When deciding between a secured and unsecured personal loan, consider the pros and cons. While a secured loan may offer lower interest rates, are you willing to risk the asset that you provide as collateral?
You’ll never have to worry about losing your assets if you default on an unsecured loan, but it’s likely to come with higher interest rates and your credit rating will take a hit if you can’t make repayments.
Whether secured or unsecured, a personal loan should be customised to your unique circumstances so that you can move forward with confidence on your own personal journey.